CAMFED Ghana launched in 1998, working in the Northern Region, and now operates in 38 districts. In the communities where we work, chronic poverty excludes many girls from education, with only 25% of the poorest rural girls completing lower secondary school, and only 11% completing upper secondary school. This persistent poverty pushes vulnerable girls into unsafe work or child marriage.
To support themselves and their family’s basic needs, large numbers of girls head to urban areas to work as street porters, referred to as kayayo, at city markets, making them vulnerable to abuse and exploitation. Or, with few economic prospects open to them in their villages, young women face pressure to marry early in order to reduce the financial burden on their families.
Over 20% of girls nationwide are married before their 18th birthday, and in northern Ghana rates can be as high as 39%. As early marriage limits girls’ skills, resources, knowledge, social support, mobility, and autonomy, they often have little power in relation to their husband, putting them at greater risk of domestic violence, HIV/AIDS and early pregnancy. For married girls and young mothers, this only entrenches the cycle of poverty as out-of-school they lack the resources and support to enter secure employment. On the other hand, women who have been able to attain a secondary school level of education or higher marry later than and have children at almost half the rate compared to women with only a primary school education.